Child Discipline

The topic of disciplining your child has been a topic that has been discussed over the ages. There are many different opinions on discipline and how it should be done, but a common thought should be that discipline is a means of teaching something to your child. Used rightly, discipline can teach children how to act properly in an environment with his peers and will also develop a healthy relationship between parent and child. Lessons on things like sharing and coopering and even exercising caution may take years for children to learn over time but the key to being successful is to continue to be consistent with your actions and speech so that you can reinforce these values over time. It’s also important to be loving toward your child and not act in anger as children should know that they are deeply cared for and that mom or dad really has their best interest at heart. Of course, they may not completely understand these things at a younger age but over the years we can hope that children will be able to look back ultimately and see that they benefitted from their parent’s reinforcing rules and consequences.

As mentioned earlier, consistency is key but especially for toddlers. You may find yourself repeating the same statements multiple times and in many instances over a short period of time but don’t fret about this detail because most children have short attention spans and it is completely normal to have to hear the same things again and again. If, for example, you tell your child not to touch a certain item like a television remote or the car keys then you should always try to keep these things off limits. Changing the rules from one day to the next may cause your child to become confused. Also, try to keep those off-limit items out of reach and out of sight so that your child does not become tempted unnecessarily.

At a toddlers age, giving them a lecture when they fail to follow the rules is not recommended. Not only do they lack the comprehension necessary for a long talk, but their attention spans are also shorter than older children or adults. Just telling them “no” firmly will suffice. If you don’t feel that this is enough, you could offer them a short explanation such as telling them that you wouldn’t want them to accidentally hurt themselves or others. You can then lead them over to a more appropriate item or activity and momentarily try to distract them so they can move their focus elsewhere.

Some parents swear by time-outs and have found this helpful while others give up because their child does not respond well to them. For starters, you should not try to use time-outs until your child is of the appropriate age level which is right around 3 years and older. They need a certain level of comprehension to understand what about their action is wrong. If a child is too young, they can become confused as to why you are placing them in a separate area and even become frustrated with the whole situation. If you feel as though your child is of the right comprehension level (this may be different for each child), try not to use time-outs too often or for too long a period of time. Just a few minutes is enough and try to place them in a chair or designated area that is not their bedroom. You wouldn’t want them to associate their bedroom with a negative experience. A bedroom should be thought of as a place of rest and a place where your children like to be. If your child is having trouble calming down, you could try and sit next to them and gently talk to them.

Positive reinforcement is just as important as discipline. If your child does something nice or good, you should offer praise and even a hug so that your child feels rewarded and will have a desire to repeat the action. It would be wise to try and minimize your child’s temptation to get into trouble. Remove any items from the area that your child is not allowed to play with try to keep the area uncluttered. Children don’t need too many items. You could keep some toys aside and rotate them every few days to keep them interested. If possible, try not to take your child out on errands when they are not on a full stomach or if they have not napped properly. This could be a breeding ground for misbehavior. Anyone would be in a bad mood when they are hungry or tired.

Baby Food.

Newborn babies don’t really do much besides eat, sleep and play in their first few months of life. Trying to figure out your baby’s schedule after coming home from the hospital can pose a challenge for most parents. Of course, if you have other children at home that can be even more difficult. Getting your baby on a regular schedule can make things a little easier on everyone including a baby. Not all babies are alike, but generally, all children do better when they are on a schedule and become familiar with a routine.

Having your baby on a set routine will also make the transition easier when someone else like a family member or other caregiver are looking after your child. Your baby will generally know what to expect next such as mealtime, playtime and when to sleep. Whoever looks after your baby will be more comfortable knowing at what time to give a bottle or when to put your baby down for a nap.

There are differing opinions on when to start a baby on a routine and exactly how that should be done, but the general consensus agrees that between the ages of 2 months and 4 months is a good time to start. By this time, most infants will have become more predictable. This makes it easier to start them on a routine. You could let them take the lead and build a schedule around their habits.

Keeping a log of your baby’s patterns related to when they are sleeping and eating may be helpful. This will be able to help you build a schedule around your child’s natural bodily rhythm. After bringing baby home from the hospital, try to keep a record of when your baby gets hungry, when he soils his diaper and how long he sleeps for and when. Some doctors will suggest early on to start doing this and now there are even apps that can make it really easy to keep track of this information. Understandably, not all days will be the same and your baby may be a little unpredictable here and there but the key is to try not to get discouraged and to be as consistent as possible when trying to follow a schedule. This always takes time and a great deal of patience.

Not all babies are alike so it’s always important to meet your baby’s needs. Follow your pediatrician’s advice and always ask questions or voice any concerns. A parent’s intuition is important as well. No one knows the baby better than mom or dad. You don’t always have the follow a schedule on the dot. For example, on some days your baby will not want to sleep according to their schedule and may fuss and take some coaxing to get to sleep. On those days you may have to rock them a little extra or take them for a stroll outside (for more information on strollers visit Don’t fret if on those days your baby naps a little later than the norm. Just try your best to get them back on track the next day, but no need to put undue pressure on yourself. No two babies are alike and if your baby takes a little longer to get into a good routine, that’s okay too.

Baby’s Health (Gas-related pain and discomfort)

A common question that many new parents have is how to soothe their crying or fussy baby. Understandably, it is uncomfortable and difficult for many people to hear their baby cry. There is no need to be concerned if your baby cries a lot because that is how they communicate, but there are some common things to check for before beginning to wonder if there is a problem.

Check for the obvious first. Has your baby been fed and do they have a clean diaper? Although every baby has a different tolerance level and some can go longer without trying to communicate their need, it’s good to always check for these two things first and resolve the situation quickly by either feeding them or changing their soiled diaper. If these two things don’t seem to be the issue, move on to other possible causes.

Some babies are more prone to discomfort related to gas. If your baby seems to fuss more after feeding, they may be suffering from gas-related pain or discomfort. You could try some gripe water or other gas related drops which can often be mixed right into their milk. Of course, you should always speak with your pediatrician before trying anything new. Try burping your baby also and see if that resolves the issue. Sucking on a bottle or breast can cause air to be swallowed and this can, in turn, cause some gas issues. Another method to release gas in babies is to lie them on their back and move their legs in a circular bicycling motion. You could also press down gently and rub their belly in a circular motion.

Another cause of fussiness in babies could be that they are overtired. Exhaustion is common in babies and at times it’s not easy for them to just fall asleep on cue. You may want to try some different technique such as putting them in a baby swing, coddling them in your arms and singing softly to them or even taking a short stroll. A ride in a stroller is sometimes a simple solution that can be overlooked. If you are in the market for a stroller, here is a great article on great stroller options

Some babies just want some extra attention from their parents and cry just for the purpose of wanting to be held. The warmth provided by being held close to their parent’s body provides many babies with a sense of comfort and can relax them immensely. Even skin-to-skin contact is recommended for newborns because the child is comforted by the sound of their parent’s heartbeat.

Babies can also be overstimulated while others desire more stimulation. If your baby is in a situation where there are lots of people or loud noises, you might want to try moving them to a quieter place to see if this calms them down. Reversely, if your baby has not had much stimulation during the day you could try a familiar activity with them or try taking them out in public on a shopping trip or maybe a stroll outdoors.

If you have tried several different things and your baby has yet to be able to calm themselves, try checking their temperature to see if they may be under the weather. Your baby could also be teething which is a common cause of pain for babies usually between the ages of 4 months and up. Try doing a quick sweep along their gums with your finger and see if you can feel a tooth starting to poke through. You can usually tell a difference in your baby’s cry when they are in pain. Trust your instincts and if you feel like something is wrong, give your pediatrician a call to discuss your concerns.

Child’s Night Terror

Some children suffer from something called night terrors which are different from nightmares. Nightmares often occur during REM or rapid eye movement sleep which usually happens during the latter part of a child’s sleep. Night terrors, on the other hand, are best known for happening in the first part of the night. This disorder is common in kids that are between the ages of three to five. Although this can be a frightening experience, it would do the parents well to research more about this topic and find ways to help their child cope with this disorder and to help prevent harm to the child.

Common symptoms of night terrors can range from screaming and thrashing to waking suddenly from their sleep and not being able to recollect the details of what happened. Other things that can occur are that the child may become frightened and having trouble calming down. They may even start to sweat and have an elevated heart rate.

If your child is experiencing certain stressors in their life, they may be prone to this disorder. Even being too tired and not getting enough rest can cause this condition. It’s helpful to make sure that your child is able to get an adequate amount of rest for their needs and this may be different for every child. You should assess your child’s needs by taking a look at their response to their current amount of sleep and speak with your pediatrician as well. Sleeping in a new place may also cause stress for your child. It’s beneficial for children to be able to have a comfortable environment to sleep in and some familiar items from home could also be helpful.

If you do experience a night terror, you should take caution to not try and wake your child. Try to comfort them by saying things to help soothe them and possibly holding them could help too. Protect them from injury by being aware of their surroundings at all times, keeping them away from sharp or dangerous objects. In the event that your child is being cared for by a family member or babysitter, be sure to inform them of what to do and provide them with tips on how to carefully manage the situation.

In rare cases, medication or intervention by a medical expert may become necessary. A benzodiazepine medication can help reduce the risk of night terrors. This should beused as a last resort option since not medicating a child is always best. Contact your child’s doctor immediately if your child experiences jerking motions, if they start to occur frequently, if an episode lasts more than 30 minutes, or if the night terrors start to affect their mood and condition during the day.

As previously mentioned, the night terror should not last more than 30 minutes per episode. In many cases, they only last for a few minutes or so. No medical intervention is usually necessary unless your child continues to have episodes over an extended period of time. If they continue on for several weeks or months you may want to consider speaking with your doctor about a medical evaluation. There are many resources for parents whose children suffer from this disorder. No question should be left unanswered, so contact your pediatrician if you have any questions or concerns regarding your child’s health and wellness.

Child Safety at Home

In today’s society parents are often over concerned with many things related to having a baby. When it comes to child protection we often thing about big threats like strangers and violence but something that might be overlooked is the biggest threat of them all and that is your child’s safety at home. You and your child spend most of the time in the home and often due to comfort or laziness we miss danger that is right next to us.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about 2.3 million children are accidentally injured every year and more than 2,500 are killed. This is a scary statistic and why the safest place you should be is your home. For many parents especially first time parents childproofing can feel burdensome and overwhelming. A great recommendation is to know the milestones that require additional safety measures and to have a checklist of things to do. This will take off a lot of the stress of trying to do everything all at once.

The first thing recommended is to take a look around your home from your baby’s perspective. While things seem safe and simple to us being adults we have to remember children see the world differently both mentally and physically. This might sound like an odd thing to do but to better understand what your home looks like to your child you should get on your hands and knees and lie down and roll around to get a true scope of what your child is seeing. This includes gauging what’s under your sofa or bed and the reachability of outlets, electronic devices, tables, etc. As your child develops and grows be sure to revisit this step as there are different safety measures from crawling, standing to walk.

A common practice which is good is to protect outlets. While this is certainly extremely important parents sometimes make the mistake of buying ones that simply plugin that can easily be removed and placed in a baby’s mouth causing a potential choking hazard along with an open outlet. A good replacement with a sliding latch is an option recommended. Also be mindful of extension cords and fixtures that can tip over. Babies tend to like to pull and push things around so it is important that we arrange our furniture and fixtures that keep our babies safe.

A big area of focus should also be the kitchen and the bathrooms. Because we have cleaning and cooking products in cabinets it is important to have the childproof locks on everything that is reachable. Even if you have locks it is recommended that you sort through everything and arrange it properly in case one of the locks breaks or you forget to lock it. A great tip is to do this early before your child starts to explore the cabinets and learns how to open and close them. It will only frustrate the baby if he or she has been opening and closing them for a while only to one day find out they no longer open. Just nip the action early by being ahead of the curve. There are many great options available in today’s market for childproof locks on cabinets that include a magnetic key that allows the key holder to open and close the cabinets while remaining locked for your children.

A common recommendation is to use gates around the house. This is a great suggestion that allows parents to control where their child can maneuver and what is in range of danger. But remember that no safety device replaces your attention and supervision. Most injuries occur while the parents are not paying attention. There are many great gate designs available so finding the right size and fitment should be relatively easy for you.

Some other key things to mention in regards to child safety is to check the blinds and curtains. The ties that keep this up and the strings that pull can all be very dangerous for your baby. Also to secure your windows and doors and screens and check them regularly to make sure they are operating correctly.

While there are other preventative measures and devices to purchase please remember these are only to help you and are not always perfect. Nothing can substitute your attention and supervision over your baby. I strong recommendation is to have an emergency plan in place and even practiced in case of a serious emergency. This applies to a lot of different types whether poison, drowning or fires each one will require a different procedure and it is good for the parents to talk about and have a plan for each in case of an emergency.

Shopping for the baby

In recent years, more and more people have taken to online shopping rather than going in person to a brick and mortar store. The convenience of being able to shop at home while sitting at the computer has changed the market. Although this makes things easier for many people, it also poses risks for identity fraud. Before you go and start shopping for gifts this year, there are some tips for safety that you should keep in mind.

First, only shop at trusted websites. Going to an actual store is easier in the sense that you know that the company isn’t a fraud and you can pick out and purchase your merchandise on the spot without having to worry. When shopping online, you should be aware that not all websites are as they appear and it’s wise to take precautions that you aren’t browsing on a fraudulent site. Shop with big name brands that are trusted or sites that you have shopped with before without issues.

If you do happen to come upon a website that you aren’t all that familiar with, do your research. Try to find history on the company name by searching the company’s name on a major search engine. Search reviews from other consumers and make sure that they have a reputable name. Also, check to see if they have a good standing with the Better Business Bureau. If you still have doubts, then try to contact the company itself by phone or email.

Beware of sites that offer prices that seem too discounted compared to other sites. Generally the rule is if it seems to good to be true then that very well could be the case. Search around and compare prices with other well known websites. If the difference in prices doesn’t sit well with you then you should take your business elsewhere. There are a lot of fake sites that have been created for the sole purpose of obtaining people’s personal information and using it in a harmful manner.

Try to avoid using public Wi-Fi. It may be tempting to quickly shop for a present when you stop at your local coffee shop but scammers have the ability to intercept your information as your browsing on the web. Since you will likely have to put personal information such as your name, address and credit card information, it’s safer to wait until you get to a secure connection to make your purchases.

Make sure the websites you shop with have security measures in place. Most websites that have privacy protection will have a lock icon somewhere on their page. If you aren’t able to find this icon then it may mean that the website doesn’t have the privacy protection to keep your information secure. Keep in mind that a website should never ask for personal information like your social security number. If they do, this may be a tell-tale sign that they are a fraud.

Follow these general guidelines and your shopping spree should be free of headaches. Now is a great time to stock up on gifts for the family and loved ones. Baby items such as strollers and strollers accessories will be discounted during this holiday season so keep your eyes open for some great year end buys. If you want more information on some great strollers check out these reviews Happy shopping!

The Growth of Child Research

Studies have shown that babies who have not had much attention whether physically and/or emotionally may be likely to develop behavioral and social problems as they grow into adolescence. There are children throughout the world who grow up in these types of environments where they lack emotional stimulation. Children who come from this type of background sometimes have different hormone levels from those that were raised by both parents.

Babies who have skin-to-skin contact with their mothers tend to sleep better and can be calmed this way. There is a special bond between mother and baby from birth. The mother’s temperature on their chest is a few degrees higher than the other areas of their body which allows them to be able to warm their baby naturally by lying the baby on their chest. If the baby’s temperature goes up, then the mother’s temperature goes down. Reversely, if the baby’s temperature goes down, then the mother’s temperature goes up. Physical contact between mother and baby is not only beneficial for the baby but also for mothers, too. This can lessen the mother’s stress level and even help with depression. Even fathers can benefit from physical contact with baby in the same way.

Baby’s movements were restricted from being inside the womb so it’s good to mimic this by either swaddling them or wrapping them in another type of soft blanket. Hearing a parent’s heartbeat will also be calming to them since it’s a familiar sound.

Babies tend to do better when they are emotionally interacting back and forth with someone who is responsive to their actions. If a mother experiences depression after having the baby, this will affect the baby’s responsiveness also. Many of these babies will be able to recover from this t,ype of low stimulation over the years but of course those with responsive parents will be better off from the beginning. Babies and younger children are very adaptive to their environments so the low responsiveness can be rectified pretty quickly as they grow.

Research was done of children from Romania who were adopted and did not have much one-on-one attention. There were more children to the number of adults and they were split into age groups and so the kids were not interacting much with each other. The children were then adopted by Canadian families, but if they had spent a longer amount of time in the orphanage, they were more apt to have longer-term setbacks. Whether they had been in the orphanage for a longer or shorter amount of time, being adopted by a family was surely beneficial to the child. Each child had a different response to this new lifestyle and while many were able to reap the benefits of this new environment, some did continue to have setbacks.

It would be beneficial for children who were not able to experience a great amount of physical touch or emotional stimulation to then receive the engagement that they were not able to receive, but this does that mean that those children will definitely have poor development in the future. Children are resilient and each child’s experience will be their own. Babies should know and learn that they can affect their surroundings instead of thinking that they are just helpless. Humans thrive on social interactions and learn through their experiences with others.


Younger children and babies spend a decent amount of time in strollers so it is important to get one that hildren need and also your budget. You want to be able to enjoy all the benefits of the stroller you choose so it’s wise to do a good amount of research before spending your hard earned money. You wouldn’t want to get a stroller that has features that don’t match your child’s needs or one that is made in a way where the quality doesn’t last.

An important thing you should do is to take any stroller you’re considering for a test drive. It’s a sure way to get the full-on experience of what it would be like to cart your baby around in it. It’s best to try it out with your baby actually sitting in it because the weight of your baby will affect the way the stroller steers and maneuvers through spaces. If you don’t have your baby with you, you could load the stroller with some items around the store that match your baby’s approximate weight.

You should also test the stroller’s folding mechanism to make sure it is easy enough to do with one hand since you may be juggling other items at the same time once you get the stroller home. Heavier models may be more sturdy and resilient, but may cause an inconvenience when trying to take it for a spin due to its weight and also when folding it up to put it away.

It’s good to also consider your lifestyle before making your final purchase. If you are not regularly active then it may not be necessary to purchase a jogging stroller. On the other hand if you like to stay pretty active, then it may be good to invest in a sturdy jogging stroller with good wheels and suspension. Babies can feel every bump when sitting inside and being strolled around, so you should consider their comfort during those rides.

Travel systems come with carseats that can be placed into the stroller frame and then be taken out and snapped into the carseat base inside your vehicle. This provides ease when transferring baby from stroller to car or vice versa, especially if your baby is napping. This way you will not have to disturb their nap time. Although, the Ameerican Academy of pediatrics does not recommend keeping car seat by in the carseat for extended periods of time. This could lead to restriction of their airway and breathing and also be a cause for plagiocephaly.

Standard sized strollers are a midway between the jogging stroller and umbrella strollers. When looking for a standard stroller, try to find one that has the option to let your baby lie flat if necessary. This is perfect for nap times and will provide comfort for your baby during those moments. Getting one with plastic wheels is not recommended even though they may be cheaper, because they are not as durable and your baby will be able to feel every bump along the road.

Umbrella strollers are always an affordable option, but should only be used for babies who have adequate neck control. These are a quick option for when you are traveling in crowded places because they will be less bulky. Also, with umbrella strollers you don’t have to worry about them getting lost or stolen since they are the much cheaper option. To learn more about umbrella stroller here.

Traveling Parents

Many parents will agree that traveling with a baby or toddler is not easy with all the extra things that you have to lug around with you, but one thing that most do agree on that bringing a stroller is a good idea. It can ease the transport of your child as you walk around from check-in to the boarding gate and allow your child to nap comfortably if necessary. Compact strollers are even better for ease of travel. For great reviews on strollers, you can follow this link: . A lot of airlines have their own standards on how to handle strollers so be sure to look up procedures for your specific airline. It can all be a little overwhelming and a bit tricky but here are some useful tips to make the experience a little smoother.

If your stroller is a larger model or one that does not collapse or fold down, you may need to check it in with your other checked luggage. Make sure to call the airline if you have any specific questions or concerns. It does need to be checked, you should either bring something to cover it with in order to protect it during travel or you can ask at the check-in desk for a large bag to make sure it stays clean during the flight and transport.

The stroller will need to be sent through the x-ray screening so go ahead and remove your child from the stroller before getting to this point so that you won’t have to struggle with all the other luggage while trying to remove your little one from the stroller. Airports usually have different lines for people with families and small children to take advantage of this if it is available to you. That way you won’t have to feel rushed as you are trying to get through the security checkpoint.

Leave with plenty of time before your boarding time so that you can get on board the plane in a timely manner. Airlines have early boarding for those that are traveling with younger children and also for those who need special assistance. This is because it allows the airline enough time to tag and check the strollers that need to be left at the jet bridge and offer assistance to people who are loading their compact strollers into the overhead bins. This provides parents plenty of time to get on the aircraft and get their young ones settles while the others passengers get onboard the flight. The aircraft will then have the strollers ready and available for the parents to reclaim theirs after the landing of the flight.

If by chance a flight is not at full capacity, you may have the choice to carry your lightweight stroller onto the plane and store it overhead. This gives parents the ease of having direct access to their stroller and not having to wait for what may be an extended period of time after the flight. This can also assure that your stroller will not be mishandled or lost during the flight or between flight transfers.

After the flight comes to an end, you will be able to locate the stroller after deplaning either on the jet bridge or at baggage claim. If for some reason your stroller has been lost, follow your airline’s directions to retrieve your lost item.

Crying Babies

In the beginning, babies only have one way of communicating and that’s by crying. They might be trying to tell you that they are hungry, have pain/gas, that they are tired and so on. Trying to interpret this can be hard at first but as you get into the routine of things it should become easier over time.

One of the most common reasons why babies cry is because they are hungry. If you look for the signs of hunger ahead of time, you may be able to catch them before they start crying. Babies have something called a rooting reflex where if you place your hands on their cheek and stroke gently they move their head toward your hand or fingers. Other times they may put their fingers near their mouth and try to suck on them. They might even become fussy before they cry or smack their lips.

Gastrointestinal issues and colic may lead your baby to cry a lot. Not a definite answer is known on how to soothe a baby who is colicky. This condition is marked by inconsolable crying for approximately three hours or more, for three days out of the week, and for at least three consistent weeks. At times, babies may become fussy right after a feeding and this could be a sign of some sort of stomach discomfort. You could try giving them some gripe water or drops for gas but you should always speak with you physician before trying either of these methods. You could also try taking your baby’s legs and gently moving them in alternating circular motions while they are on their back.

Sometimes all that is necessary for your baby to stop crying is a burp. When sucking on a bottle, air is swallowed as the baby is sucking and this may eventually be a cause for discomfort. All babies are different and some may need to be burped while others are completely content not having to burp at all. If your baby is the type that does need a good burp you could try some tummy time and this pressure on their belly will usually cause them to release gas. A simple solution may be to check your baby’s diaper before anything else. Although some babies can tolerate a dirty diaper for a short while, others may start to fuss right away.

It would seem that if your baby is tired they could go right to sleep, but some baby’s find it difficult to sleep when they are overtired. Putting them down for sleep or for a nap at the first signs of tiredness (i.e: a yawn) could be the solution to their fussiness. Some babies like to be shushed to sleep and others liked to be rocked. Whatever the remedy, try to go through a routine to find out why they are being fussy. You could also try to minimize their sensory stimulation before it’s time to sleep.

Babies like skin-to-skin contact with their parents and can differentiate between their parent and another friend or relative just by the way they smell. They love to hear their parents voices as well and you could try singing them a gentle lullaby or even just talking to them quietly. Whatever the remedy, don’t give up and try not to get frustrated. You will figure it all out over time as you spend more time with your child. If you feel like you are overwhelmed or need help, contact your doctor and ask for other solutions and resources that you could call.